Does your roof need to be replaced?
If you delay, it will cost more. The longer you delay, the more damages.
The next step after realizing your roof requires repair is finding a good roofing contractor in Ocala. But, before you start requesting quotes, there are some basics about roofing you should know.
The basics of roofing materials
Two main factors determine your choice of roofing material:
- Your location
- Your personal preference
For instance, some people in certain areas of Ocala Florida prefer metal roofing because it is fire resistant. In other areas of Ocala, homeowners prefer shingle roofs. In high-end estates, most homeowners use the European-influenced tiled roof.
The roof pitch, or angle, is another significant factor in the choice of roofing material. For instance, wood shake shingles are perfect for steep roofs but these are not practical for flat (low-pitched) roofs.
So, what are the common residential roofing choices?
- Wood shingles or shakes: are attractive but pricey. Wood shingles are also durable. However, they are not a good choice in areas prone to fires.
- Asphalt shingles: are cheap and very common. Asphalt shingles have a flat appearance, meaning they are unattractive. By far, they are the most common type of roofing material.
- Clay or ceramic tiles: are stylish and fashionable in hot temperature areas such as Florida and Southern California. The Spanish-style red tile roof is still a popular choice. However, it is slowly being replaced by metal and other composite materials that mimic its look. These other materials match clay’s fire-retardant properties and are much lighter than clay. These types of shingles are also called half-barrel. Essentially, they are cut from a cylinder in half length-wise and are roughly 16 inches long.
- Metal roofing: is durable and fireproof. Metal as a roofing material is practical and functional due to durability and fire resistance. However, metal roofing is costly and requires installation by specialized contractors. But in the long-term, they are cost-effective due to their extended lifespan. The most common metal roofing materials are steel and aluminum. They come in several roofing systems, including the raised-seam panels and panels that mimic composite shingles.
- Slate roofing: is a high-end stylish roofing option. Slate roofing is costly. The major downside to this roofing is the weight. Also, they are slippery to walk on and, therefore, tough to repair when damaged.
- Composition slate: is a cheaper and lighter alternative to slate roofing. Composition slate contains 95% recycled materials such as rubber. They are gradually gaining popularity as they mimic slate and tiles. Plus, they are more durable and lighter.
Understanding the roofing process
Understanding the roofing process will help you choose a good roofing contractor. Also, by understanding the process, you reduce the chances of a contractor taking advantage of your ignorance after hiring them.
The typical roof installation project for a moderately sized residential home takes about four days. Generally, the process goes like this:
- Removal of existing shingles: The crew will remove the shingles and deposit these shingles in a roll-off dumpster. The team will also remove damaged valley flashing and drip edging. A professional contractor will use tarpaulins to protect plantings and shrubs on the ground during the removal process. Plus, they will use magnets to pick stray nails and other metal objects from your lawn.
- Minor repairs on a roof that is in excellent condition: A roof that’s in good condition only requires minor repairs. Otherwise, the crew will start replacing damaged wood with new plywood sheathings or sheathing boards, depending on your roof type.
- Installation of ice dam protection where required; Ice dam protection is a synthetic waterproof barrier that prevents melting ice from backing up under the shingles and finding its way through the sheathing. Stagnant moisture on your roof causes severe damage over time.
- The laying down asphalt roofing: This roof paper’s layer prevents water from penetrating your house. The roofing crew will overlap the roofing paper as they progress ascending toward the peak.
- he roofing paper is tacked and secured through stapling.
- Applying metal drip edging around the roof’ edge: Metal drip edging is required on both the gable sides and the eave sides. It is nailed over the ice guard or roofing paper.
- The applying of new valley flashing where necessary. Valley flashing is particularly required where two roof planes meet. It is fixed to the roofing deck before being sealed with roofing caulk.
Applying the tab shingles: The crew will start at the eaves and work outward and upward towards the peak.
- The applying flashing in areas where leaks might get into the house: These are areas such as the chimney, skylights, stack vents, etc. Professional crews install flashing as the roof installation progresses; as the shingles rows progress upward on the roof deck.
- Installation of the ridge vent: The ridge vent is an incessant vent along the roof peak that allows air circulation in the garret space. The ridge vent also helps get rid of hot air and prevents the formation of winter ice dams. You will not find ridge vents in older roofs. However, it is a brilliant idea to include them during a re-roofing project. In some roof types, they may not be practical. In such cases, consider gable vents to improve circulation in the attic.
- Completion and hauling of debris: Before the contractor packs and finishes cleanup, have a roof inspector examine and approve your new roof.